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Elezioni del 1936: una frana democratica

Elezioni del 1936: una frana democratica



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Il Partito Repubblicano si riunì a Cleveland, Ohio, nel giugno 1936. Landon, che era stato eletto governatore del Kansas nel 1934, l'unico governatore repubblicano ad avere successo nell'intera nazione quell'anno.Franklin D. Roosevelt fu nuovamente nominato dai Democratici . In un discorso a Chicago, il 14 ottobre 1936, Roosevelt dichiarò: "In questo viaggio attraverso la nazione, ho parlato con gli agricoltori. Ho portato a casa quel punto". Stasera, in questo centro di affari, do lo stesso messaggio agli uomini d'affari d'America - per scegliere chi produce e vende i beni lavorati che la nazione usa e agli uomini e alle donne che lavorano per loro. "A loro dico: avete un deposito in banca? Oggi è più sicuro che non è mai stato nella nostra storia. Lo scorso 1 ottobre ha segnato la fine del primo anno intero in cinquantacinque anni senza un solo fallimento di una banca nazionale negli Stati Uniti". bene. Coughlan fondò l'Unione nazionale per il progresso sociale nel novembre 1934 in opposizione ai mali gemelli del capitalismo e del comunismo, entrambi dichiarati marci da Coughlan. all'Unione insieme ad altri pensatori radicali. Da questo gruppo disparato venne un piano per candidarsi alla presidenza di Long nel 1936, ma fu assassinato in modo inopportuno l'8 settembre 1935. Nell'estate del 1936, il NUSP divenne il Partito dell'Unione e tenne un congresso nazionale. Il senatore William E. Borah dell'Idaho ha partecipato e ha avuto un certo sostegno. Dopo aver ricevuto un numero minore di voti nel novembre 1936, il partito si sciolse in gran parte nel 1938. Il Partito Socialista nominò nuovamente Norman Thomas, che lottò per mantenere la piattaforma del partito identificata con posizioni significativamente a sinistra dei Democratici. Ci riuscì, ma il pubblico votante non considerò la posizione socialista come pragmatica e Thomas ricevette meno voti popolari nel 1936 di quanto non ne avesse nel 1932. La gente rispose al messaggio di Roosevelt. Prima di allora, il Maine era stato considerato un punto di riferimento per i risultati nazionali, e un detto popolare era stato: "Come va il Maine, così va la nazione". Nel 1936, questo fu cambiato in "Come va il Maine, così va il Vermont". A Capitol Hill, i risultati furono ugualmente sbilanciati. Alla Camera dei Rappresentanti, gli elettori inviarono solo 88 repubblicani rispetto ai 334 democratici. I sondaggi di opinione nazionali erano relativamente nuovi nel 1936, ma George Gallop ed Elmo Roper prevedevano entrambi una vittoria sostanziale per Roosevelt. Farley predisse a Roosevelt che nelle elezioni del 1936 il suo capo avrebbe vinto tutti gli stati tranne Vermont e Maine, il che si rivelò corretto. Riassunto letterario giunto a una conclusione diversa. La schiacciante vittoria di Roosevelt ha contribuito a far fallire il Digest.

Elezione del 1936
candidati

Partito

Elettorale
Votazione

Popolare
Votazione

Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.)
John N. Garner (Texas)

Democratico

523

27,476,673

Alfred M. Landon (Kansas.)
Frank Knox (Illinois)

Repubblicano

8

16,679,583

William Lemke (Nord Dakota)
Thomas C. O`Brian (Mass.)

Unione

0

892,793



Fatti e risultati delle elezioni presidenziali del 1936

Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 si sarebbero verificate durante la Grande Depressione e sarebbero state un momento di riallineamento dei partiti politici.

Franklin D. Roosevelt aveva iniziato il suo New Deal dopo aver vinto le elezioni del 1932. Sebbene le sue azioni fossero nobili, fecero poco per fermare la depressione. la depressione continuò nonostante le sue riforme, tuttavia, diede agli americani speranza e una visione del futuro.

Mentre il New Deal sembrava ammirevole, Roosevelt stava iniziando a violare la Costituzione per far approvare la sua legislazione. Il suo New Deal è stato accusato di essere uno spreco e inefficiente. Tuttavia, gli americani stavano cercando risposte e Roosevelt sembrava averle.

Durante il primo mandato di FDR ha utilizzato la radio per comunicare con gli americani. Queste chiacchiere al caminetto erano importanti per gli americani poiché spesso si riunivano intorno e ascoltavano il presidente e ascoltavano lo stato dell'unione. Le sue capacità oratorie erano eccellenti e la maggior parte degli americani si fidava di lui.

I repubblicani non sembravano avere molte risposte in queste elezioni.

I Candidati erano i seguenti:

  • Repubblicano: Alf Landon e il vicepresidente Frank Knox
  • Democratici: Franklin D. Roosevelt e il vicepresidente John Nance Garner

Capitolo 8: Frana democratica

I newyorkesi si mettono in fila in una fila per il pane vicino all'incrocio tra la Sixth Avenue e la 42nd Street a New York City nel 1932 durante le profondità della Grande Depressione.
Immagine gentilmente concessa da FDR Library/National Archives and Records Administration

La famiglia di uno squatter dell'Oklahoma in California, c.a. 1935
Immagine per gentile concessione della Library of Congress

Squadre di uomini di passaggio lavorano in un commissariato per le merci in eccedenza a San Francisco, California, 27 dicembre 1934
Immagine per gentile concessione della National Archives and Records Administration

Presidente Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933
Immagine per gentile concessione della Library of Congress

La vignetta di William Hudson descrive le difficoltà dei repubblicani durante una campagna contro la legislazione del New Deal del presidente democratico Franklin Delano Roosevelt nel 1936
Immagine per gentile concessione della Library of Congress

Mappa del distretto congressuale di Florence Kahn, creata dall'Office of the Clerk, Camera dei Rappresentanti degli Stati Uniti, basata su "Statutes of California Forty-Ninth Session of the Legislature, 1931"

Portata principale dell'Oakland-San Francisco Bay Bridge con lo skyline di San Francisco, California, 8 luglio 1945
Immagine per gentile concessione della National Archives and Records Administration


Risultati delle elezioni del 1936

La vittoria di FDR nel 1936 fu la più grande frana elettorale nella storia americana.

Il candidato repubblicano Alfred Landon ha portato solo due stati = Maine e Vermont. A lungo precursore delle elezioni presidenziali, il Maine una volta si vantava: "Come va il Maine, così va la nazione". Ora i Democratici hanno scherzato: "Come va il Maine, così va il Vermont".

Una nuova e potente maggioranza democratica emerse nel 1936. Conosciuta come la coalizione del "New Deal", ha dominato la politica nazionale per decenni. Comprendeva il sud tradizionalmente democratico, insieme a elettori etnici urbani, agricoltori e lavoratori organizzati - i cui ranghi stavano crescendo rapidamente con l'aiuto della legge Wagner. Gli afroamericani erano l'ultimo gruppo della coalizione. Strettamente alleati con il partito di Lincoln sin dalla guerra civile, gli elettori neri si trasferirono decisamente al partito di FDR nel 1936.


Le 10 più grandi frane nella storia delle elezioni presidenziali

Come abbiamo appreso nelle 10 elezioni più vicine di tutti i tempi, molte gare sono vicine e non sappiamo fino alla notte delle elezioni chi ha vinto.

Ma alcune campagne sono finite prima che inizino davvero. Ecco uno sguardo alle 10 più grandi frane nella storia presidenziale degli Stati Uniti.

10. Lyndon Baines Johnson su Barry Goldwater (1964)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 486-52
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 90.33

LBJ ha vinto 44 stati e il 61,1 percento del voto popolare, la percentuale più alta dalle elezioni del 1820 (di cui imparerai di più di seguito).

9. Ronald Reagan su Jimmy Carter (1980)

(CARLOS SCHIEBECK/AFP via Getty Images)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 489-49
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 90.89

La performance di Carter nei quattro anni precedenti e l'ascesa del moderno movimento conservatore americano hanno spianato la strada a Reagan per godersi un'enorme vittoria. Reagan è l'unico non in carica ad apparire in questa lista.

8. Abraham Lincoln su George McClellan (1864)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 212-21
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 90.99

Solo 25 stati hanno partecipato a queste elezioni da quando 11 si erano separati dall'Unione. Lincoln vinse facilmente la rielezione sull'ex generale dell'Unione George McClellan.

7. Thomas Jefferson su Charles C. Pinckney (1804)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 162-14
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 92.05

Il popolare acquisto della Louisiana ha sostenuto l'offerta di rielezione di Jefferson. Ha vinto il 72,8 per cento dei voti contro l'avversario federalista Charles C. Pinckney dalla Carolina del Sud.

6. Richard Nixon su George McGovern (1972)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 520-17
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 96.65

Nixon ha vinto le elezioni che hanno generato Watergate in una passeggiata, prendendo il 60,7 percento del voto popolare e vincendo tutti gli stati tranne uno (Massachusetts).

5. Ronald Reagan su Walter Mondale (1984)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 525-13
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 97.58

Una forte economia ha portato Reagan a una vittoria decisiva per la rielezione in tutti gli stati tranne il Minnesota, nativo di Mondale. Il suo totale vincente di 525 voti elettorali rimane il più alto numero di voti elettorali mai ricevuto da un candidato presidenziale.

4. Franklin Delano Roosevelt su Alf Landon (1936)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 523-8
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 98.49

FDR ha vinto facilmente la sua prima rielezione poiché le politiche del New Deal come la sicurezza sociale e la disoccupazione erano estremamente popolari. Roosevelt ha vinto tutti gli stati tranne Maine e Vermont.

3. James Monroe (1820)

Risultati collegi elettorali: 231-1
Percentuale di voti del collegio elettorale: 99.57

Monroe ha avuto un percorso facile per la rielezione poiché i federalisti non sono stati in grado di presentare un candidato. Monroe sarebbe stato eletto all'unanimità, se non fosse stato per un solo elettore che ha dato il suo voto a John Quincy Adams.

1 e 2. George Washington

Washington ha corso senza opposizione due volte per la nuova carica di presidente e ha vinto ogni voto elettorale in ogni occasione.


5. Lyndon Johnson sconfigge Barry Goldwater, 1964 (margine del 22,58%)

In una delle più schiaccianti vittorie elettorali presidenziali nella storia degli Stati Uniti, Lyndon Baines Johnson, che era stato presidente degli USA. dall'assassinio di John F. Kennedy nel 1963, sconfisse il candidato repubblicano, Barry Goldwater, nelle elezioni del 1964. Durante la campagna, Goldwater ha criticato l'agenda interna liberale di Johnson e ha difeso la propria posizione riguardo al veto sul punto di riferimento Civil Rights Act. Ha anche minacciato di usare la forza per smantellare il regime del governo comunista di Castro a Cuba, e ha accennato alla possibilità di usare armi nucleari contro il Vietnam del Nord per raggiungere gli obiettivi del proprio paese. La severa consegna di Goldwater e le dure politiche non sono riuscite a influenzare la popolazione americana. Le elezioni si sono concluse con una vittoria schiacciante per Johnson che, con uno sbalorditivo margine del 22,58% nel voto popolare, è diventato presidente degli Stati Uniti per un intero mandato.


La schiacciante vittoria di Roosevelt nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936

ARGOMENTI CHIAVE
ARGOMENTI CHIAVE ARGOMENTI CHIAVE ARGOMENTI CHIAVE ARGOMENTI CHIAVE Che cosa ha spiegato la vittoria schiacciante di Franklin Delano Roosevelt nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936? A) L'apatia della maggior parte degli elettori repubblicani B) L'incapacità del Partito Repubblicano di diffondere il suo messaggio C) L'estrema popolarità del New Deal tra gli elettori americani D) La vecchiaia e la cattiva salute del suo avversario, Alf Landon 86. [1] ARGOMENTI CHIAVE LEGENDA ARGOMENTI Era meglio conosciuto come candidato presidenziale repubblicano, sconfitto in una schiacciante vittoria da Franklin D. Roosevelt nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1] ARGOMENTI CHIAVE Dopo che la Corte Suprema ha dichiarato incostituzionale il National Recovery Act, e con la sua schiacciante vittoria nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, Franklin Roosevelt tenta di sostenere le sue altre riforme del New Deal escogitando un piano per "imballare" la Corte Suprema con giudica solidale con la sua missione. [1] Secondo lo storico Michael J. Webber, la schiacciante vittoria di Roosevelt fu il risultato della formazione di una "coalizione del New Deal", che consisteva di "lavoratori organizzati, minoranze religiose ed etniche, poveri urbani, liberali e progressisti" (Webber , Michael J. New Deal Fat Cats: Business, Labour, and Campaign Finance nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1] Il presidente Roosevelt ottenne una vittoria schiacciante nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1]

Questa linea di indagine è nata dalla vittoria schiacciante del presidente Franklin Roosevelt nelle elezioni del 1936. [1]

Cosa spiegò la vittoria schiacciante di Franklin Delano Roosevelt nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936? A) L'apatia della maggior parte degli elettori repubblicani B) L'incapacità del Partito Repubblicano di diffondere il suo messaggio C) L'estrema popolarità del New Deal tra gli elettori americani D) La vecchiaia e la cattiva salute del suo avversario, Alf Landon 86. [2]

La vittoria schiacciante nelle elezioni del 1936 incoraggiò il presidente a proporre un piano che avrebbe cambiato l'equilibrio politico nella Corte Suprema aggiungendo nuovi giudici di sua scelta e aumentando così il numero dei giudici della Corte Suprema. [1] Nonostante la schiacciante vittoria di Franklin D. Roosevelt, poche elezioni hanno avuto un significato più duraturo per gli scienziati politici, gli storici e gli studiosi della comunicazione rispetto alle elezioni presidenziali del 1932. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 hanno visto scontrarsi il presidente democratico ed ex governatore di New York Franklin D. Roosevelt e il vicepresidente John Garner, eletti con una valanga quattro anni prima, contro il biglietto repubblicano del governatore del Kansas Alf Landon e dell'editore di giornali di Chicago Frank Knox. [1] Il presidente democratico in carica Franklin D. Roosevelt ottenne il 60,8 percento del voto popolare nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, con un margine di vittoria sul repubblicano Alfred E. Landon del 24,26 percento. [1]

Le elezioni presidenziali americane del 1924 videro la seconda più grande vittoria schiacciante nella storia degli Stati Uniti, quando il presidente Calvin Coolidge, il candidato repubblicano alle elezioni, sconfisse John Davis, il candidato democratico. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1928 hanno segnato una vittoria schiacciante per il candidato repubblicano, Herbert Hoover, che ha vinto con l'ampio margine del 17,41% nelle elezioni. [1] Jon D. di King of Prussia, Pa. scrive con una domanda di Mailbag Friday: "Si è parlato molto di una vittoria schiacciante durante queste recenti elezioni presidenziali. [1]

Sondaggio Literary Digest: nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, il candidato repubblicano Alf Landon sfidò il presidente Franklin Roosevelt. [1] Il partito repubblicano durante le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 era fermamente contrario alle misure attuate dall'amministrazione Roosevelt e di conseguenza erano "anti-New Deal", come suggerisce la vignetta di Knott. [1] Queste misure miravano ad aumentare i consumi e diminuire la disoccupazione e aggiungevano anche "nuove prestazioni sociali, come le pensioni di anzianità e l'assicurazione contro la disoccupazione". (Savage 846) Quando avvennero le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 e l'illustrazione della vignetta di Knott, il paese doveva decidere se continuare con tali politiche e rieleggere Roosevelt o abbandonare il New Deal e portare un eletto presidenziale repubblicano. [1] Il partito democratico durante le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 era pronto a sostenere Roosevelt e le sue politiche del New Deal. [1] Il fumettista John Knott offre al suo pubblico un assaggio di vari punti di vista sulle politiche del New Deal attuate dall'amministrazione Roosevelt prima delle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1] La campagna è iniziata! è una vignetta politica di John Francis Knott che mostra le opinioni partigiane delle politiche del New Deal come soluzione alla Grande Depressione precedente alle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali "sono state, per molti versi, un referendum sul ruolo di attivista assunto dal governo federale dall'inizio del New Deal". (Webber, Michael J. New Deal Fat Cats: Business, Labour, and Campaign Finance in the 1936 Presidential Election. [1] The Campaign is On! di John Francis Knott fornisce allo spettatore un'istantanea di vari punti di vista sul New Deal politiche che portarono alle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1]

Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 furono le elezioni presidenziali statunitensi più sbilenche in termini di voti elettorali e la seconda più grande vittoria in termini di voto popolare. [1] L'elezione presidenziale del 1936 era conosciuta come una delle elezioni presidenziali più sbilenche nella storia degli Stati Uniti in termini di voti elettorali dopo quella di Monroe nel 1820 (Boller, P.249). [1] Era il candidato del Partito Repubblicano alle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, Landon nacque nel 1887 a West Middlesex, in Pennsylvania, figlio di Anne e John Manuel Landon. [1] Qualunque sia l'esito di tali dibattiti, non c'è dubbio che le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 furono un momento cruciale nella storia politica americana, segnando una delle poche occasioni in cui una coalizione di minoranze normalmente al di fuori della struttura di potere americana fu in grado di esercitare un'influenza significativa sul processo politico. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 Cattolici e politica Aula di storia cattolica americana Stai utilizzando un browser obsoleto. [1] Nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, gli americani rieleggerono FDR per un secondo mandato. [1] Precedenti studi sulle elezioni presidenziali del 1936 discutono elementi come la vulnerabilità di FDR prima della campagna e la debolezza del candidato repubblicano Alf Landon. [1] Quest'anno ricorre il 70° anniversario della sconfitta di Alf Landon da parte di Franklin D. Roosevelt nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936. [1] Dire che Alf Landon non andò molto bene nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936 è un eufemismo. [1] Problema 21E: Sondaggio Literary Digest: Nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, Rep. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 si sono rivelate una battaglia decisiva, non solo nel plasmare il futuro politico della nazione, ma anche per il futuro dei sondaggi di opinione. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 furono straordinariamente sbilanciate. [1] L'elezione presidenziale del 1936 funge da valore anomalo statistico. [1] Nuovo sito web nelle biblioteche universitarie per le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 Stai utilizzando un browser obsoleto. [1]


Sulla scia della schiacciante vittoria per la rielezione di Franklin Roosevelt nel 1936, era una questione aperta se il Partito Repubblicano fosse in grado di fungere da valido partito di opposizione. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali degli Stati Uniti del 1972 si tennero il 7 novembre e portarono alla vittoria del candidato repubblicano, Richard Nixon, sul candidato democratico, George McGovern, con una schiacciante vittoria. [1] La vittoria di Roosevelt non è affatto l'unica elezione presidenziale asimmetrica. [1]

L'elezione del presidente più asimmetrica nella storia degli Stati Uniti è stata la vittoria del 1936 del democratico Franklin Delano Roosevelt contro il repubblicano Alfred M. Landon. [1] Nel 1936, il presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt vinse una schiacciante vittoria elettorale sullo sfidante repubblicano Alfred M. "Alf" Landon. [1]

Certamente lo fece nel 1936, quando Liberty Digest predisse una vittoria schiacciante per Alf Landon su Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1] Milioni di elettori cattolici hanno contribuito a portare Roosevelt alla sua schiacciante vittoria nel 1936. [1] La vittoria schiacciante di Nixon ha eguagliato il 60,8 percento del voto popolare di FDR nel 1936 per il secondo più grande voto popolare ottenuto nella storia americana. [1]

Il 3 novembre 1936, con una vittoria schiacciante, il presidente in carica Franklin D. Roosevelt fu rieletto all'ufficio presidenziale degli Stati Uniti dopo aver sconfitto il candidato repubblicano, Alf Landon. [1] La schiacciante sconfitta da parte del presidente democratico Franklin D. Roosevelt del suo sfidante repubblicano Alfred M. Landon nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936 fu uno spartiacque nella politica americana. [1] Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 contrapposero Alfred Landon, il governatore repubblicano del Kansas, al presidente in carica, Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1]

Le elezioni presidenziali del 1936 tra Franklin D. Roosevelt e Alfred Landon del Kansas furono le elezioni presidenziali più asimmetriche nella storia degli Stati Uniti in termini di voti elettorali. [1]

Tra le storie più strane uscite dalle elezioni presidenziali del 1936 c'era il famigerato Literary Digest "Sondaggio che ha cambiato i sondaggi". [3] Nel dicembre 1936, il dottor George Gallup, fondatore e poi direttore dell'American Institute of Public Opinion, precursore del sondaggio Gallup, chiese a un campione nazionale di americani: "Pensi che il Partito Repubblicano sia morto? " Fortunatamente per il GOP, solo il 27% pensava che lo fosse anche se, in una domanda successiva, solo il 31% credeva che avrebbe vinto le prossime elezioni presidenziali. [1] Il giorno delle elezioni, il 3 novembre 1936, fu rieletto in carica nel 1936 dalla più grande maggioranza popolare raggiunta da qualsiasi candidato presidenziale fino a quel momento. [1] Quando i repubblicani iniziarono a vincere le elezioni del settembre 1936 nel Maine, i membri del partito iniziarono a propagandare la frase in previsione di una vittoria presidenziale contro il presidente uscente Franklin Roosevelt quel novembre. [1] Il presidente democratico in carica Lyndon Johnson ha vinto il 61,05 percento del voto popolare nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1964, con un margine di vittoria sul repubblicano Barry Goldwater del 22,58 percento. [1] Il presidente repubblicano in carica Ronald Reagan ha vinto il 58,77% dei voti popolari nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1984, con un margine di vittoria sul democratico Walter Mondale del 18,21%. [1] Il presidente repubblicano in carica Richard M. Nixon ha vinto il 60,67 percento dei voti popolari nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1972, con un margine di vittoria sul democratico George McGovern del 23,15 percento. [1] Il repubblicano Warren G. Harding ottenne il 60,32 percento dei voti popolari nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1920, con un margine di vittoria sul democratico James M. Cox del 26,17 percento. [1]

Le elezioni presidenziali degli Stati Uniti d'America, tenutesi il 6 novembre 1984, portarono a una grande vittoria per il candidato presidenziale repubblicano, Ronald Reagan. [1]

Nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1932, Roosevelt sconfisse il presidente repubblicano in carica Herbert Hoover in una valanga per vincere la presidenza, Roosevelt si insediò mentre negli Stati Uniti era nel mezzo della peggiore crisi economica della sua storia. [1] Non sorprende, quindi, che Roosevelt sia riuscito a sconfiggere il candidato del Partito Democratico, Alton Parker, con una vittoria schiacciante nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1904, quando è arrivato in carica per un intero mandato a pieno titolo. [1] Un'elezione presidenziale schiacciante, in altre parole, potrebbe non sempre portare a un margine altrettanto ampio nel voto popolare perché molti stati degli Stati Uniti assegnano voti elettorali su una base del vincitore prende tutto al candidato che vince il voto popolare nel loro stato . [1] Roosevelt ha vinto tutti tranne due stati e 8 voti elettorali in rotta verso la vittoria delle più grandi frane nella storia delle elezioni presidenziali. [1]

Le elezioni presidenziali degli Stati Uniti del 1936 furono le elezioni presidenziali più sbilenche nella storia degli Stati Uniti in termini di voti elettorali. [1] Elezioni presidenziali degli Stati Uniti del 1936, elezioni presidenziali americane tenutesi il 3 novembre 1936, in cui il presidente democratico. [1] Con le elezioni presidenziali del 1936, la base elettorale del Partito Democratico poggiava in gran parte sul sostegno del Sud "Solido", delle città del nord, degli immigrati, degli afroamericani, dei gruppi religiosi etnici e non protestanti, delle donne, dei lavoratori e delle organizzazioni lavoro. [1] L'enfatica affermazione del New Deal da parte dell'elettorato nelle elezioni presidenziali del 1936, come dimostrato dalla valanga di entusiasmo degli elettori nell'area metropolitana di New York, fu emblematica dell'emergere di un nuovo blocco elettorale democratico. [1] Elezioni presidenziali del 1936 Landon attaccò l'amministrazione del New Deal, pur sostenendone gli obiettivi. [1] …sconfiggi Alf Landon nelle elezioni presidenziali statunitensi del 1936, nonostante le contropronostiche di altri sondaggi dell'epoca. [1] Nella tabella sono riportati i risultati delle elezioni presidenziali statunitensi del 1936. [1]

Le elezioni del 1936 La Grande Depressione continuò per tutto il primo mandato di Roosevelt. [1] Per diventare il campione record degli ultimi tempi, Nixon deve finire con oltre il 61,1 per cento dei voti ottenuti dal presidente Johnson sul senatore Goldwater nel 1964 e la vittoria con 60,8 del presidente Roosevelt nel 1936. [1] L'unico candidato a superare la vittoria di Roosevelt fu Ronald Reagan nelle elezioni del 1984 quando c'erano 7 voti elettorali in più da contestare. [1] Non esiste una definizione legale o costituzionale di cosa sia un'elezione schiacciante, o quanto ampio debba essere un margine di vittoria elettorale affinché un candidato abbia vinto in modo schiacciante. [1] Quanto è grande una "vittoria clamorosa?" C'è un certo margine di vittoria che si qualifica come un'elezione schiacciante? Quanti voti elettorali devi vincere per ottenere una frana? Si scopre che non c'è consenso sulle specifiche di una definizione di frana. [1] I fatti del caso come altri hanno presentato - che Trump ha ricevuto una percentuale minore del voto popolare, ha vinto il voto elettorale e le elezioni, ma ha vinto il voto elettorale con un numero inferiore rispetto a molti passati presidenti - minano il giudizio che si tratta di una vittoria schiacciante. [1] Le elezioni si sono concluse con una vittoria schiacciante per Johnson che, con uno sbalorditivo margine del 22,58% nel voto popolare, è diventato presidente degli Stati Uniti per un intero mandato. [1]

Le elezioni del 1804 furono una vittoria schiacciante per l'uscente Thomas Jefferson e il candidato alla vicepresidenza George Clinton (repubblicani) sui candidati federalisti, Charles C. Pinckney e Rufus King. [1] Smith è accreditato di aver attirato milioni di elettori etnici urbani alle urne e nel Partito Democratico, ma ha perso le elezioni, dando a Herbert Hoover una vittoria schiacciante. [1] Roosevelt ha unito tutte le ali del suo partito, ha evitato questioni culturali di divisione, mentre Hoover ha vinto le ultime elezioni con un margine di vittoria schiacciante del 17,4%, Roosevelt ha vinto queste elezioni del 17,7%. [1] Una vittoria schiacciante in politica è qualsiasi elezione in cui il vincitore vince con un margine schiacciante. [1]

Usando la definizione standard di una vittoria schiacciante nella politica presidenziale, quando un candidato vince almeno 375 voti elettorali, ecco l'elenco delle gare presidenziali contestate che sono state tra le più sbilenche della storia americana. [1]

Una lettura obbligata per gli studenti di politica americana." --Davis Houck, Florida State University "Mary Stuckey's Voting Deliberatively: FDR and the 1936 Presidential Campaign dimostra che le radici di molte pratiche comuni che definiscono sia le campagne presidenziali che la 'presidenza retorica' può essere fatta risalire alla rivoluzionaria campagna di Franklin Roosevelt nel 1936. [1] In particolare, Burke conferì con il presidente alla Casa Bianca nell'agosto 1936 su come affrontare gli attacchi pungenti che un altro prete cattolico, Charles Coughlin, stava facendo contro Roosevelt durante la campagna presidenziale del 1936. [1] Organizzazioni come l'Alleanza nazionale dei cattolici boemi, l'Alleanza cattolica romana lituana, la Chiesa cattolica nazionale polacca e il Sokol cattolico slovacco hanno espresso sostegno pubblico a Roosevelt e al New Deal durante la campagna presidenziale del 1936. [1]

La campagna presidenziale del 1936 si concentrò sulla classe in misura insolita per la politica americana. [1] Consiglio vivamente questo libro a tutti gli studenti della presidenza americana." --Martin J. Medhurst, Baylor University "Mary Stuckey's Voting Deliberatively offre un'analisi fresca e innovativa della retorica e dell'organizzazione della campagna di FDR che rende chiaro il significato storico e salienza contemporanea della campagna presidenziale del 1936. [1]

The United States presidential election of 1936 was the thirty-eighth quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1936. [4] Maine once held a similar political record, voting from 1856 through 1960 for the Republican candidate in every presidential election but one, when in 1912, the state gave Democrat Woodrow Wilson a plurality with 39.43% of the vote. [4] Who will win the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and why? Which party: Democrat or Republican? Which nominees are the most likely to win thei. [1] From 1856 through 1960, Vermont gave the state’s electoral votes to the Republican Party nominee in every presidential election. [4] One generally agreed upon definition of an Electoral College landslide is a presidential election in which the winning candidate secures at least 375 or 70 percent of the electoral votes. [1] Taking place every four years, presidential campaigns and elections have evolved into a series of fiercely fought, and sometimes controversial, contests, now played out in the 24-hour news cycle.The stories behind each election--some ending in landslide victories, others decided by the narrowest of margins--provide a roadmap to the events of U.S. history. [1] Considering Republicans had an unstoppable winning streak of landslide presidential elections in 1980, 1984, and 1988, why did they never take. [1] Republicans won five out of the six Presidential elections from 1968 through 1988. [1] FDR won all but two states, and went on to win two more presidential elections. [1] Roosevelt was not rejected as Hoover had been - indeed he went on to win the next two presidential elections. [1] Roosevelt received 60.8 percent of the popular vote and the plurality (11,072,350) was the largest in presidential election history. [1] "It was not a scientific poll," says Allan Lichtman, a distinguished history professor at American University who has correctly predicted every U.S. presidential election since 1984, including this year’s. [1] In one of the most crushing Presidential election victories in U.S. history, Lyndon Baines Johnson, who had been serving as the President of U.S. since the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963, defeated the Republican candidate, Barry Goldwater, in the elections of 1964. [1] The 1832 American Presidential election was unique, in that it was the first election in U.S. history where Presidential candidates were nominated by national nominating conventions. [1] With a margin of 23.15%, this is the 4th largest margin of victory in U.S. Presidential election history. [1] The 'Intra-War Era', including the Roaring Twenties and the worst of the Great Depression, saw 5 of the 10 largest margins of victory ever in U.S. Presidential Elections. [1]

By the 1936 election, therefore, most business leaders were firmly committed to a Republican victory and provided up to 80 percent of the $8.8 million that Republicans spent on the campaign. [1]

For the 1936 election, the Literary Digest prediction was that Landon would get 57% of the vote against Roosevelt's 43% (these are the statistics that the poll measured). [1] New Deal Coalition : A coalition of many diverse groups of voters and interest groups that emerged during the 1932 election and solidified during the 1936 election in support of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. [1] Roosevelt's con- duct of the 1936 election is a particularly good way to access these elements because it stands at the intersection of differing understandings of campaigning and American politics. [1]

Come mai? Prior to the 1936 election, the phrase, "As Maine goes, so goes the nation" reflected Maine’s status as a predictor of successful presidential contenders. [1] In one of the great controversies in modern politics (and TV news coverage), the TV networks called the presidential race for Al Gore, then George Bush, and then for no candidate after exit polls indicated Gore had won Florida--and the 2000 presidential election. [1] This prestigious national magazine had conducted straw polls of its readers in six previous presidential elections and had correctly predicted the outcome every time. [1] The Literary Digest, an influential weekly magazine of the time, had begun political polling and had correctly predicted the outcome of the previous five presidential elections. [1] The Literary Digest used national straw polls in 1920, 1924, 1928 and 1932, and it guessed the winner of each presidential election. [1] The first Democrat has entered the 2020 presidential election in the hopes of challenging President Donald Trump. [1] It will be the "57th quadrennial presidential election, in which presidential electors, who will elect the President and Vice President of the United States on December 17, 2012"(2012 Presidential"). [1] Roosevelt defeated the Republican candidate Herbert Hoover by a margin of 17.76% in the 1932 Presidential Elections. [1] Though Republican candidates would prevail in seven of the next 15 presidential elections, from 1940 to 1996, between the Roosevelt era and 1995 the GOP controlled both houses of Congress only during 1953-55. [1]

"If the people command me to continue in this office and in this war," he said, "I have as little right to withdraw as the soldier has to leave his post in the line." 6 Roosevelt won his fourth presidential election by more than 3 ½ million votes over his opponent, Thomas E. Dewey. [1] A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections and emerged as a figure in world events during the mid-20th century. [1] The U.S. Presidential election of 1920 was influenced by the aftermath of World War I. The country was facing one of its most difficult times, and there was utter chaos within the country. [1] The United States presidential election of 1932 took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression. [1]

Ronald Reagan's 1984 presidential victory is considered to be a landslide. [1] Franklin Roosevelt (Democrat) defeated Herbert Hoover (Republican) in a landslide victory brought on by the onset of the Great Depression. [1] In 1932, amid the Great Depression, Roosevelt had won a landslide victory over incumbent Herbert Hoover, ending 12 years of Republican rule. [1] Reagan won a landslide victory, and Republicans also gained control of the Senate for the first time in twenty-five years. [1]

The pollsters at the magazine simply totaled the cards for each candidate and then declared a landslide victory for Landon (57%) to defeat Roosevelt (43%), the one-term incumbent president. [1] This was the primary cause that was said to have led to the landslide victory of Hoover's opponent, the Democrat candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt. [1] Gallup's group not only predicted a landslide victory for Roosevelt, but also correctly predicted what the Literary Digest poll would show, based on sampling of Digest readers. [1] Roosevelt and Garner did indeed defeat Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis in a landslide victory. [1] Herbert Hoover (Republican) defeated Al Smith (Democrat) in a landslide victory. [1] Hoover's fame and his pledge to continue to pro-business policies of Harding and Coolidge that had catapulted the country into so much prosperity resulted in a landslide victory again for the Republicans, with Hoover outclassing Smith 444-87 (and even claiming Smith's home state of New York.) [1] This quilt commemorates the President's landslide victory over his opponent, Republican Alfred M. Landon of Kansas. [1] President Nixon has won four more years in the White House with a landslide victory which by late tonight was being compared with George Washington's. [1] His landslide victory that year signified the people's verdict on the New Deal. [1] Political journalists have offered their own suggested guidelines for determining a landslide victory over the years. [1]

Roosevelt won the 1936 election in a landslide and was feeling a bit emboldened. [1]


In one of the most crushing Presidential election victories in U.S. history, Lyndon Baines Johnson, who had been serving as the President of U.S.A. since the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1963, defeated the Republican candidate, Barry Goldwater, in the elections of 1964. [5]

POSSIBLY USEFUL
POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL Roosevelt and Vice President John Nance Garner were re-nominated without opposition, with the backing of party leaders, Landon defeated progressive Senator William Borah at the 1936 Republican National Convention to win his party's presidential nomination. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL On Nov. 3, 1936, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was re-elected in a landslide over his Republican challenger, Kansas Governor Alfred M. "Alf" Landon. [1] POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL POSSIBLY USEFUL The mother of all botched political polls was a 1936 Literary Digest straw poll survey that said GOP challenger Alf Landon would win in a landslide over the incumbent, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, with 57 percent of the vote. [1] In 1936, the American weekly Literary Digest confidently predicted that Republican Alf Landon would defeat the Democratic incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt in a landslide. [1]

Roosevelt was up for re- election in 1936 and faced Republican Alf Landon. [1] The 1936 vote was what many students of politics describe as "a transforming election" that made the Democratic Party the majority party in the nation for many elections to come. [1] Father Charles Coughlin, a former FDR supporter who had become an outspoken critic of the President during the 1936 campaign, actively campaigned against him in the months before the election. [1] Democrats emerged from the election of 1936 with 76 seats to just 16 for the Republicans. [1] That was a time when Republicans recovered from their 1936 devastating loss and recorded substantial gains in Congress in the aftermath of the 1938 midterm election. [1] Despite the 1936 loss in congressional elections and historically low numbers of Republican representatives and senators, they remained a potent force in Congress. [1] Of the elections listed, we’d have to go with Franklin Roosevelt’s win in 1936. [1]

Franklin Roosevelt, Dem. defeats Alf Landon, Rep. 24.26% 1936 At the Republican convention that occurred in Cleveland, Landon was the first runner for the presidential nomination. [1] Franklin Roosevelt, Dem. defeats Alf Landon, Rep. 24.26% 1936 By then it had became clear that Landon's only hope of victory was if third parties could attract votes away from the president. [1] President Franklin Roosevelt, following his overwhelming victory in 1936, took this as a mandate to oppose conservative Democratic Senators in the 1938 primaries and to reorganize the Supreme Court to get decisions more to his liking. [1]

Catholics and the 1936 Roosevelt Victory Catholics and Politics American Catholic History Classroom You are using an outdated browser. [1] National opinion polls were relatively new in 1936, but George Gallop and Elmo Roper both forecast a substantial victory for Roosevelt. [1]

Scholars and pundits alike consider Franklin D. Roosevelt an eloquent speaker, a master of radio, a public communicator par excellence and understand these traits as fundamental to his political success.6 Focusing on Roosevelt's communicative skill, however, can lead us to overlook his dedication to organizational politics.7 His 1936 campaign used a variety of mobilization techniques that are now commonplace but which were, for their time, revolutionary. [1] The Political Graveyard: Election of 1936 Questions? Return to The Political Graveyard main page. [1] Most political scientists and historians agree that the elections of 1932, 1934, and 1936 saw a "political realignment," that is, an emergence of a new and powerful coalition of voters that would come to shape the outcome of subsequent elections at least until the late 1960s. [1] In its August 22, 1936 issue, the Litereary Digest announced: Once again, asking more than ten million voters -- one out of four, representing every county in the United States -- to settle November's election in October. [1] On election day, November 3, 1936, "a crowd estimated by the police at "a million’ persons kept Times Square and the theater district in continual uproar last night as news of the President’s reelection flashed from The Times tower" (" Election Crowd in a Merry Mood." [1] Election of 1936 - Dictionary definition of Election of 1936. [1]

The election took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression that ruined the promises of incumbent President, the Democratic nomination went to the well-known governor of the most populous state, New Yorks Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been reelected governor in a landslide in 1930. [1] Roosevelt won in a landslide, carrying 46 of the 48 states and bringing in many additional Democratic members of Congress, after Lyndon B. Johnson ’s 61.1 percent share of the popular vote in 1964, Roosevelt’s 60.8 percent is the second-largest percentage in U.S. history since the nearly unopposed election of James Monroe in 1820, and his 98.5% of the electoral vote is the highest in two-party competition. [1] The Democrat candidate, Walter Mondale, was defeated in this election by a margin of 18.21%, a major landslide in U.S. election history. [1] Under that scenario a landslide would occur when the winning candidate in a two-way election receives 58 percent of the vote, leaving his opponent with 42 percent. [1] One generally agreed upon measure of a landslide election is when the winning candidate beats his opponent or opponents by at least 15 percentage points in a popular vote count. [1] The online political news source Politico has defined a landslide election as being on in which the winning candidate beats his opponent by at least 10 percentage points, for example. [1]

The election was fought in the shadow of World War II in Europe, incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democratic candidate, broke with tradition and ran for a third term, which became a major issue. [1] On election eve, from his 12-by-12-foot study, Roosevelt gave a nonpartisan nationwide radio address, urging only that his fellow Americans vote for the candidate of their choice. [1] On November 8, 1932, Roosevelt cast his vote in the little Town Hall of Hyde Park, New York, and chatted with some of the townspeople, as was his custom, before continuing on to the Democratic Headquarters in New York City to learn the outcome of the election. [1] In mid-1938, Roosevelt embarked on a campaign to deprive a number of anti-New Deal congressional Democrats of renomination in local Democratic primary elections. [1] The election saw the consolidation of the New Deal coalition while the Democrats lost some of their traditional allies in big business, they were replaced by groups such as organized labor and African Americans, the latter of whom voted Democratic for the first time since the Civil War. [4] Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the uncontested 1820 election, the sweeping victory consolidated the New Deal Coalition in control of the Fifth Party System. [1] Enough New Yorkers voted for Birney to throw 36 electoral votes and the election to Polk, who won the electoral college, 170-105, and a slim popular victory. [1] He’d just led the Allies to victory in Europe, and "politicians and commentators confidently predicted that he would lead the Conservatives to victory at the forthcoming general election," writes Paul Addison, author of Churchill: The Unexpected Hero, for BBC. The Literary Digest, which had correctly predicted the winner of the last 5 elections, announced in its October 31 issue that Landon would be the winner with 370 electoral votes. [1] A more detailed study in 1988 showed that both the initial sample and non-response bias were contributing factors, and that the error due to the initial sample taken alone would not have been sufficient to predict the Landon victory, this mistake by the Literary Digest proved to be devastating to the magazine's credibility and it ceased publishing within a few months of the election. [1]

The term became popular in the 1800s to define a "resounding victory one in which the opposition is buried" in an election, according to the late New York Times political writer William Safire in his Safire's Political Dictionary. [1] In terms of the popular vote, it was the third biggest victory since the election of 1820, which was not seriously contested. [1] The outcome of this year's election was not something I would have expected--an Electoral College victory for Trump despite a popular vote majority for Clinton. [1] "All of the polls were pointing to a Dewey victory, but they stopped polling a few weeks before the election," Lichtman says. [1] He’d just led the Allies to victory in Europe, and "politicians and commentators confidently predicted that he would lead the Conservatives to victory at the forthcoming general election," writes Paul Addison, author of Churchill: The Unexpected Hero, for BBC. [1]

The nation’s most respected survey on the presidential question, the Literary Digest poll, which had accurately predicted the previous five elections, announced that the Republican candidate, Alf Landon, would win. [1] It is possible to win the popular vote and lose the presidential race, as happened in the 2000 and 2016 elections because of the way electoral votes are distributed by states. [1] The 1796 election, which took place against a background of increasingly harsh partisanship between Federalists and Republicans, was the first contested presidential race. [1] McGovern ran an anti-war campaign that was well appreciated by many, though his 'outsider' status, and the scandal surrounding his Vice Presidential Democrat nominee, Thomas Eagleton, contributed to his failure in winning the election. [1] In the 1920 elections, the Democrats nominated a newspaper publisher, Governor James M. Cox, as their Presidential candidate, while the Republicans chose another newspaper publisher, Senator Warren G. Harding, to act as their own. [1] The Democratic Party nominated Roosevelt as its presidential candidate for the 1932 election. [1]

Roosevelt also won the highest share of the popular vote since 1820, though Lyndon B. Johnson would later win a slightly higher share of the popular vote in the 1964 election. [4] Straw polls were actually started in 1824 in Pennsylvania, when a Harrisburg newspaper forecast that Andrew Jackson would win the popular vote in the general election by a wide margin. (Jackson did, but lost the presidency in the House, since he didn’t have a majority of electoral votes.) [1] That same year, George Gallup, an advertising executive who had begun a scientific poll, predicted that Roosevelt would win the election, based on a quota sample of 50,000 people. [4] Gallup's poll not only predicted that Roosevelt would win the election - based on a sample of 50,000 people - he also predicted that the error in the Literary Digest results. [1]

The actual results of the election were 62% for Roosevelt against 38% for Landon (these were the parameters the poll was trying to measure). [1] In the actual election, Roosevelt took 62% of the popular vote against 38% for Landon. [1] In this election, Franklin Delano Roosevelt also known as FDR campaigned on his New Deal programs against the Kansas Governor Alf Landon. [1] The depressed state of the U.S. economy determined the 1932 election contest between the incumbent, Herbert Hoover, and the challenger, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. [1] Four years ago, our figures gave the State to Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. Hoover carried it on Election day. [1]

Lemke, who lacked the charisma and national stature of the other potential candidates, fared poorly in the election, barely managing two percent of the vote, and the party was dissolved the following year. [4] Electoral College (United States) - Citizens of the United States vote in each state at a general election to choose a slate of electors pledged to vote for a partys candidate. [1] The election, the first waged following the "Citizens United" Supreme Court decision that allowed for increased political contributions, cost more than $2.6 billion, with the two major party candidates spending close to $1.12 billion that cycle. [1] Roosevelts trip to Chicago was the first of several successful, precedent-making moves designed to make him appear to be the candidate of change in the election. [1] She also helped president Franklin D. Roosevelt during his election. [1] The Election of 1952 Truman decided not to run for re-election in 1952 (although he could have legally run again, having become President when Roosevelt died and then served only one full term). [1] Following the assassination of President McKinley in 1901, the late President's running mate in the election of 1900, Theodore Roosevelt, then aged 42, was appointed as the President. [1]

Incorrect Republicans gained seven seats in the Senate and eighty in the House in the congressional elections. (True Answer )Correct Roosevelt was unable to gain support for his plan to nationalize banking and agriculture. [1] In this election Republican James Monroe won the presidency with 183 electoral votes, carrying every state except Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware. [1] On election day, FDR won 55 percent of the popular vote and the electoral votes of thirty-eight states. [1] Van Buren won the election with 764,198 popular votes, only 50.9 percent of the total, and 170 electoral votes. [1]

It was the first such election since 1888, when Benjamin Harris became president after winning more electoral votes but losing the popular vote to Grover Cleveland. [1] This race, marred by negative campaigning and corruption, ended in the election of the first Democratic president since 1856. [1]

Although the Republicans in the same election had won a decisive majority of 65 to 39 in the House, election of the president fell to the outgoing House, which had a Federalist majority. [1] Having narrowly won the gubernatorial election in 1932, he was the only Republican governor in the nation to win reelection in 1934, a fact that immediately propelled him into the race for the Republican nomination for the presidency. [1]

In the 2016 election, Donald Trump won the Electoral College tally by taking traditionally Democratic states like Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. [1] FDR won the election in a walk, amassing huge majorities in the popular vote and in the Electoral College. [1] Sources: Electoral and popular vote totals based on data from the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives and Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, 4th ed. (2001). [1] The 2000 election was the fourth election in U.S. history in which the winner of the electoral votes did not carry the popular vote. [1] The election ended in one the largest political scandals in U.S. history, being the Watergate break-in, and cover-up, by President Richard Nixon. [1]

If anything, the election was a strong rejection of President Wilson and an endorsement of the Republican candidate’s call for a "return to normalcy." [1] In many respects, Willkie was just the type of liberal Republican that FDR wanted to lure into the Democratic PartyDuring the initial weeks of the election season, FDR looked strong even though he campaigned only from the White House. [1] When Republicans and Democrats faced off for the 1938 midterm elections, it had been a decade since Republicans had done well in congressional elections. [1]

Another state that had been reliably Republican for a very long time before 1936 was Pennsylvania, which Roosevelt was the first Democrat to carry since "favorite son" James Buchanan won Pennsylvania in 1856. [4] Polling results vary depending on what sample is used -- which is why in 1936, pollsters predicted Franklin Roosevelt would lose in a landslide. [1] 'Passable' turnouts associated with landslides are, FDR's 1936 LBJ T Roosevelt 1904 Eisenhower 1956 & 1952. [1]

Along with the landslide vote for Roosevelt came winning votes the country over for Democratic congress candidates who will control congress for the president. [1] They lost in a landslide, winning just Maine and Vermont against the Democratic ticket of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, during World War II, Knox again was an advocate of preparedness. [1]

The man given the unenviable task of trying to unseat President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 was Alfred Mossman Landon, the forty-eight year old Republican governor of Kansas. [1] From among several governors and senators running in the 1936 primaries, the Republicans finally chose Kansas Governor Alfred "Alf" Landon as their presidential candidate. [1] In 1936, Landon sought the Republican presidential nominee opposing the re-election of FDR. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, Knox was mentioned by name in Adolf Hitlers speech of December 11,1941, in which Hitler asked for a German declaration of war against the United States. [1]

Interestingly, 1936 was also the first year the Gallup company conducted its famous presidential polls. [1] "Editors, Whistle Stops, and Elephants: the Presidential Campaign of 1936 in Indiana." [4]

Roosevelt`s campaign manager James A. Farley predicted to Roosevelt that in the 1936 election his boss would win every state except Vermont and Maine, which proved correct. [1] One famous example was the Literary Digest's poll for the 1936 election between Franklin D. Roosevelt and Alf Landon. [1] Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt won the 1936 election with 523 electoral votes, while his opponent Alfred M. Landon received 8. [1] President Roosevelt won the 1936 election easily, with 63 percent of the vote, and the Literary Digest was out of business the following year. [1] Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the 1936 election with nearly 61 percent of the vote, capturing forty-six of the forty- eight states, losing only in Maine and Vermont. [1] Polls made during 1934 and 1935 suggested Long could have won between six and seven million votes, or approximately fifteen percent of the actual number cast in the 1936 election. [4]

After being elevated to the presidency by John F. Kenndy's assassination in 1963, Johnson won election in his own right with over 61 percent of the popular vote. [1] No major-party candidate has won so few electoral votes since this election. [4] Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the largely uncontested 1820 election. [4] Roosevelt won the election by a huge landslide, securing 60.8% of the popular vote to Landon’s 36.5%. [1]

There is and always has been a tension between inclusion and efficiency, and there has always been a tendency among those who are included to generalize their interests to that of the "public interest."4 This election is interesting partly because those problems and potential solutions were very much on the minds of those involved in the Roosevelt campaign. [1] When the election results were in, Democrats had lost six Senate seats and 71 House seats in what former Roosevelt advisor Raymond Moley called "a comeback of astounding proportions." [1] The most recent was the 44th president Barack Obama, who held the office from 2009 to 2017, in the 115th Congress, following the 2016 elections, Democrats are the opposition party, holding a minority of seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. [1] Another interesting fact about this election was that for the first time in the country’s history, a major party had a female on its ticket, as Mondale and the Democrats had decided to select Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate. [1] The party took on the mission of preserving the Union, and destroying slavery during the American Civil War, in the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. [1] Dwight Eisenhower (Republican) defeated Adlai Stevenson (Democrat), in a rematch of the 1952 election. [1] Two sets of election returns existed-one from the Democrats, one from the Republicans. [1]

His opponent in the election was Republican businessman Wendell Wilkie, who emphasized that Roosevelt's policies hadn't dragged the country out of the Great Depression and that war loomed on the horizon. [1] The significance of the 1800 election lay in the fact that it entailed the first peaceful transfer of power between parties under the U.S. Constitution: Republican Thomas Jefferson succeeded Federalist John Adams. [1] The Election of 1944 With World War II still raging, Roosevelt ran again in 1944, campaigning on the strength of America's turning back the tide of the war in both Europe and the Pacific. (After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, the U.S. had entered the war and fought against Germany, Italy, and Japan. [1] In the late afternoon on Election Day, throngs of Roosevelt supporters congregated in Times Square to watch as the incoming returns were displayed on The Times Building. [1] In comparing our ballot this year with that of 1932, we find that in many cities in Pennsylvania our figures showed a much higher trend toward Mr. Roosevelt than was justified by the election figures on Election day in 1932. [1]

This result threw the election into the House of Representatives, where each state had one vote, to be decided by the majority of its delegation. [1] With the election of a sectional northern candidate, the Deep South seceded from the Union, followed within a few months by several states of the Upper South. [1] This election remains the last time a Democratic candidate ever carried Tulsa County, Oklahoma, Douglas County, Nevada, Josephine County, Oregon, Ada County, Idaho, Hughes County, South Dakota and over thirty smaller counties in Nebraska and Kansas. [4] At that time, Democrats entirely dominated politics in Texas, thus the Democratic primary election was the real election, with the general election being a formality. [1]

By the time of the election campaign, Truman was deeply unpopular, having clashed with leaders of Congress and failed to live up to many people's expectations, following in the footsteps of the hugely popular FDR. Dewey's campaign was lackluster Truman's was not. [1]

The election was the first held under the Twelfth Amendment, which separated electoral college balloting for president and vice president. [1] In this historic election, Barack Obama became the first African-American to become president. [1]

The Literary Digest, which had correctly predicted the winner of the last 5 elections, announced in its October 31 issue that Landon would be the winner with 370 electoral votes. [4] This election is notable for The Literary Digest poll, which was based on ten million questionnaires mailed to readers and potential readers 2.3 million were returned. [4]

FONTI SELEZIONATE CLASSIFICATE(20 source documents arranged by frequency of occurrence in the above report)


Perché ne parliamo

Cosa impariamo da questo? Un frame campione errato può distruggere uno studio, indipendentemente dalla dimensione del campione. I ricercatori hanno intervistato oltre 2 milioni di persone (il tipico sondaggio politico di oggi richiede tra 500 e 1000 intervistati), ma ha mancato il più possibile.

Inoltre, la dimensione del campione non è tutto. Una volta raggiunto un certo numero di intervistati (in genere circa 500), le risposte aggiuntive iniziano a fornire rendimenti decrescenti.

Rispondi alle domande chiave in modo rapido e semplice con i pannelli di ricerca: scarica l'ebook sulla gestione dei pannelli


Election of 1936: A Democratic Landslide - History

President Roosevelt was overwhelmingly re-elected in the election of 1936. He carried every state but Maine and Vermont, easily defeating the Republican candidate Governor Alf Landon of Kansas. Democrats won an equally lopsided victory in the congressional races: 331 to 89 seats in the House and 76 to 16 seats in the Senate.

In his second inaugural address in early 1937, Franklin Roosevelt promised to press for new social legislation. "I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished," he told the country. Yet instead of pursuing new reforms, he allowed his second term to bog-down in political squabbles. He wasted his energies on an ill-conceived battle with the Supreme Court and an abortive effort to purge the Democratic Party.

On "Black Monday," May 27, 1935, the Supreme Court struck down a basic part of Roosevelt's program of recovery and reform. A kosher chicken dealer sued the government, charging that the NRA was unconstitutional. In its famous "dead chicken" decision, Schechter v. the U.S. , the court agreed. The case affirmed that Congress had delegated excessive authority to the president and had improperly involved the federal government in regulating interstate commerce. Complained Roosevelt, "We have been relegated to the horse-and-buggy definition of interstate commerce."

In June 1936, the court ruled the Agricultural Adjustment Act--another of the measures enacted during the first 100 days--unconstitutional. Then six months later, the high court declared a New York state minimum wage law invalid. Roosevelt was aghast. The court, he feared, had established a "'no-man's land' where no government, state or federal, can function."

Roosevelt feared that every New Deal reform, such as the prohibition on child labor or regulation of wages and hours, was at risk. In 1936, his supporters in Congress responded by introducing over a hundred bills to curb the judiciary's power. After his landslide re-election in 1936, the president proposed a controversial "court-packing scheme." The plan proposed to reorganize the Supreme Court. Roosevelt sought to make his opponents on the Supreme Court resign so that he could replace them with justices more sympathetic to his policies. To accomplish this, he announced a plan to add one new member to the Supreme Court for every judge who had reached the age of 70 without retiring (six justices were over 70). To offer a carrot with the stick, Roosevelt also outlined a generous new pension program for retiring federal judges.

The court-packing scheme was a political disaster. Conservatives and liberals alike denounced Roosevelt for attacking the separation of powers, and critics accused him of trying to become a dictator. Fortunately, the Court itself ended the crisis by shifting ground. In two separate cases, the Court upheld the Wagner Act and approved a Washington state minimum wage law, furnishing proof that it had softened its opposition to the New Deal.

Yet Roosevelt remained too obsessed with the battle to realize he had won the war. He lobbied for the court-packing bill for several months, squandering his strength on a struggle that had long since become a political embarrassment. In the end, the only part of the president's plan to gain congressional approval was the pension program. Once it passed, Justice Willis Van Devanter, the most obstinate New Deal opponent on the Court, resigned. By 1941 Roosevelt had named five justices to the Supreme Court. Few legacies of the president's leadership proved more important. The new "Roosevelt Court" significantly expanded the government's role in the economy and in civil liberties.


The 1936 presidential election proved a decisive battle, not only in shaping the nation’s political future but for the future of opinion polling. Il Literary Digest, the venerable magazine founded in 1890, had correctly predicted the outcomes of the 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, and 1932 elections by conducting polls. These polls were a lucrative venture for the magazine: readers liked them newspapers played them up and each “ballot” included a subscription blank. The 1936 postal card poll claimed to have asked one fourth of the nation’s voters which candidate they intended to vote for. In Riassunto letterario's October 31 issue, based on more than 2,000,000 returned post cards, it issued its prediction: Republican presidential candidate Alfred Landon would win 57 percent of the popular vote and 370 electoral votes.

Landon, 1,293,669 Roosevelt, 972,897

Final Returns in the Digest’s Poll of Ten Million Voters

Well, the great battle of the ballots in the poll of 10 million voters, scattered throughout the forty-eight states of the Union, is now finished, and in the table below we record the figures received up to the hour of going to press.

These figures are exactly as received from more than one in every five voters polled in our country—they are neither weighted, adjusted, nor interpreted.

Never before in an experience covering more than a quarter of a century in taking polls have we received so many different varieties of criticism—praise from many and condemnation from many others—and yet it has been just of the same type that has come to us every time a Poll has been taken in all these years.

A telegram from a newspaper in California asks: "Is it true that Mr. Hearst has purchased The Literary Digest?“ A telephone message only the day before these lines were written: ”Has the Republican National Committee purchased The Literary Digest?“ And all types and varieties, including: ”Have the Jews purchased The Literary Digest?" "ls the Pope of Rome a stockholder of The Literary Digest?" And so it goes—all equally absurd and amusing. We could add more to this list, and yet all of these questions in recent days are but repetitions of what we have been experiencing all own the years from the very first Poll.

Problema—Now, are the figures in this poll correct? In answer to this question we will simply refer to a telegram we sent to a young man in Massachusetts the other day answer to his challenge to us to wager 100,000 on the accuracy of our Poll. We wired him as follows:

For nearly a quarter century, we have been taking Polls of the voters in the forty-eight States, and especially in Presidential years, and we have always merely mailed the ballots, counted and recorded those returned and let the people of the Nation draw their conclusions as to our accuracy. So far, we have been right in every Poll. Will we be right in the current Poll? That, as Mrs. Roosevelt said concerning the President’s reelection, is in the “lap of the gods.”

We never make any claims before election but we respectfully refer you to the opinion of one of the most quoted citizens today, the Hon. James A. Farley, Chairman of the Democratic National Committee. This is what Mr. Farley said October 14, 1932:

"Any sane person cannot escape the implication of such a gigantic sampling of popular opinion as is embraced in The Literary Digest straw vote. I consider this conclusive evidence as to the desire of the people of this country for a change in the National Government. The Literary Digest poll is an achievement of no little magnitude. It is a Poll fairly and correctly conducted."

In studying the table of the voters from of the States printed below, please remember that we make no claims at this time for their absolute accuracy. On a similar occasion we felt it important to say:

In a wild year like this, however, many sagacious observers will refuse to bank upon appearances, however convincing. Quanto a The Digest, it draws no conclusions from the results of its vast distribution of twenty million ballots. True to its historic non-partizan policy—or “omni-partizan,” as some editor described it in 1928—we supply our readers with the facts to the best of our ability, and leave them to draw their own conclusions.

We make no claim to infallibility. We did not coin the phrase “uncanny accuracy” which has been so freely-applied to our Polls. We know only too well the limitations of every straw vote, however enormous the sample gathered, however scientific the method. It would be a miracle if every State of the forty-eight behaved on Election day exactly as forecast by the Poll.

We say now about Rhode Island and Massachusetts that our figures indicate in our own judgment too large a percentage for Mr. Landon and too small a percentage for Mr. Roosevelt, and although in 1932 the figures in these two States indicated Mr. Hoover’s carrying both, we announced:

“A study of the returns convinces us that in those States our ballots have somehow failed to come back in adequate quantity from large bodies of Democratic voters.”

Our own opinion was that they would be found in the Roosevelt column, and they were. We will not do the same this year we feel that both States will be found in the Landon column, and we are reaching this conclusion by the same process that lead to the reverse conclusion in 1932.

Pennsylvania is another State which requires special mention. Four years ago, our figures gave the State to Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. Hoover carried it on Election day. In comparing our ballot this year with that of 1932, we find that in many cities in Pennsylvania our figures showed a much higher trend toward Mr. Roosevelt than was justified by the election figures on Election day in 1932. In examining the very same cities now we discover the reverse trend, and in cities that in 1932 indicated an approximately 60󈞔 percent relationship between Roosevelt and Hoover, we now find 60 percent for Landon and 40 percent for Roosevelt.

That’s the plain language of it. Many people wonder at these great changes in a State like Pennsylvania, and we confess to wonderment ourselves.

On the Pacific Coast, we find California, Oregon, and Washington all vote for Mr. Landon in our Poll, and yet we are told that the Pacific Coast is “aflame” for Mr. Roosevelt.

A State like California is always a difficult State to get an accurate opinion from by the polling method, and we may be far astray, yet every one should remember that in the Gubernatorial campaign a few years ago, we took a Poll of California when it was believed by most of California citizens that Mr. Upton Sinclair would be elected Governor, and the result of our Poll showed that Mr. Sinclair would not be elected Governor and the Poll was correct.

The State of Washington seems to be more favorable to Mr. Landon than either Oregon or California. We cannot in our Poll detect anything that would indicate a reason for this difference.

Seattle—Right here we wish to say that in 1932 our Poll in Seattle gave Mr. Roosevelt 65.43 percent of the vote, and he carried that city by 61.58 percent of the vote. In the current Poll, 1936, Seattle gives Mr. Landon 58.52 percent and Mr. Roosevelt 40.46 percent. Our readers will notice we overestimated Mr. Roosevelt in 1932—are we overestimating Mr. Landon now? We see no reason for supposing so. And the three Pacific Coast States which now show for Mr. Landon and which millions believe will vote for Mr. Roosevelt (they may be right) in 1924, 1928, and 1932 were correctly forecast in The Literary Digest Polls.

In the great Empire State, New York the figures for so large a State are what might be called very close. After looking at the figures for New York in the column at the left, remember that in 1932 we gave Mr. Roosevelt 46.1 percent and Mr. Hoover 43.9 percent, even closer than it is to day. And yet we correctly forecast that Mr. Roosevelt would carry the State.

And so we might go on with many States that are very close, and some not so close, but in which local conditions have much to do with results, not in polls such as our Poll but on Election day.

The Poll represents the most extensive straw ballot in the field—the most experienced in view of its twenty-five years of perfecting—the most unbiased in view of its prestige—a Poll that has always previously been correct.

Even its critics admit its value as an index of popular sentiment. As one of these critics, the Nation, observes:

“Because it indicates both the 1932 and 1936 vote, it offers the raw material for as careful a prognostication as it is possible to make at this time.”


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